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  • Abstract

    Microfinance institutions are apparently inclined towards the welfare of the general populace. In this mission, perhaps one of the major key roles in effective dissemination of pertinent services is played by the field workers of these organizations. The latter plays an integral part in the liaison between the microfinance institute and their client. It is a role laden with obstructions and demands rigorous commitment. However, in their diligent and perpetual zeal to disseminate funds amongst the destitute and less privileged portions of society, it seems that these Microfinance channels probably end up skimming on and sometimes explicitly disregarding the welfare of their own human resource. For institutions that analogize human welfare with all of their respective undertakings, this prospective violation of the basic concept pertaining to work ethics is almost contradictory to their touted mission parameters. Towards that end, efforts need to be initiated in order to gauge the role played by the human resource of these organizations and the hindrances that the employees of these organizations face in the delivery of their services.

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    Dr. Aliya Khalid1, Dr. Ibad Ullah Sajid2, Muhammad Maaz Mohsin3

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  • Abstract

    The present study investigated the need for intervention and application of the case management process in medical social services projects of the Punjab province, Pakistan. The study attained information from Medical Social Officers (MSOs) about the effectiveness of the case management process at Medical Social Services Projects (MSSPs) of Punjab. Medical Social Officers are not to distribute Zakat and Bait-Ul-Maal funds only; but to deal with the case of the individual client in a medical setting to achieve early recovery along with psycho-social rehabilitation and readjustment of the patient, in the family and society which can best be dealt by the application of case management process, a specialized approach of Social Work profession that involves coordinated efforts of multi-disciplinary team members in a medical setting.

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    Rabia Ishfaq1, Muhammad Safdar2, Mussarat Hussain3

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  • Abstract

    Gram (Chickpea) is a major pulse crop of Pakistan mostly grown in the Thall desert Districts of the Punjab Province. All social, cultural, and economic activities of the farming population are mostly dependent on the income from this crop. The present descriptive study deals with the socio-economic condition of Gram’s Farmers and reveals the major reasons behind the low yield of crops. The data was collected from a sample of 100 Gram cultivating farmers taken from 4 Tehsils of District Bhakkar using a convenient sampling technique. The researcher used an Interview schedule for data collection. Findings showed that 83 percent of the total sampled population use 100 % proportion of their land only for gram cultivation and 91 % of farmers were cultivating the gram crop under the Rain-fed irrigation method. The 56 % of respondents were suffering from the low yield of crops for about last 6-7 years and the majority 88 % said that the major reason behind low yield is less and uncertain rains in the area due to climate change. The net income from 2020-21 crops was less than the farmer’s expenses. The present study confirmed the relationship between climate uncertainty & poor socio-economic condition with a low yield of crops resulting in poor rural development.

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    Arslan Asghar1, Musarat Khan2, Muhammad Safdar3

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  • Abstract

    This research examines the implementation of technology-based learning, such as the use of android, personal computers, and IPads. The action of this research is the use of digital technology for early childhood on the role of parents during the COVID-19 pandemic. This method was chosen because the researcher wanted to identify the parents' responses through a questionnaire on the use of technology as well as some of the roles of parents towards their children during taking advantage of this technology. That way, the survey method is considered very suitable to be used and in line with the function of survey research, namely to collect and explain opinions or opinions from a group of people (samples) on a particular topic. The number of samples in this study was 385 respondents (parents). The simple random technique is the sampling technique of choice used by researchers in sampling. Location research is Bahawalpur City. This research data was obtained online through the google forms platform. The instrument used is a questionnaire regarding the use of technology through the role of parents. The statements in this research questionnaire are 10 statements. There are five Likert scales used, namely very often (5), often (4), sometimes (3), never (2), and never (1).

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    Iqra Almas1*, Muhammad Salman Abbas2, Abdul Waheed3

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  • Abstract

    This qualitative ethnographic study attempts to understand the biological and cultural causes of early aging, the problems generated due to nutrition, traditional and cultural values. This study involves 24 early aging respondents from three Union Councils of Multan city of south Punjab. The data were generated by conducting detailed face-to-face interviews with the participants. The study highlights the bio-cultural causes of early aging through thematic analysis. This study recommends that related institutions could play a significant role in educating the families to help reduce the issues of early aging people and care for them.

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    Ushna Asghar1, Khalid Iqbal2, Iqra Almas3

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  • Abstract

    This is a quantitative study that explores the relationship between aggression, tolerance, and ethnicity. The participating ethnic groups were university students from Chitral and Dir. The data was collected using Buss Parry Aggression Scale and Interpersonal Tolerance Scale. The data shows that there is no significant difference between Chitrali and Pakhtun students on the aggression scale. Further, there is a non-significant difference between Pakhtun and Chitrali students on tolerance scales. The study suggests more education and cross-cultural interaction that might reduce violent behaviors and promote tolerance and peace.

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    Inzimam-ud-Din1 & Imran A. Sajid, Ph.D.2

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  • Abstract

    This study is about the issues and challenges faced by the parents of special children in their educational and social life. The goal of this study was to explore and describe the issues and challenges faced by parents of special children in learning and social life in Pakistan. The study has followed the quantitative research method. The researcher has conducted a research survey through a research tool. The research tool was a questionnaire. The data was collected from the sample of the population. The sample consisted of the parents of the special children. The study has found that parents of special children have to face a lot of problems and challenges and there is a need for some governmental steps to help them.

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    Abdul Waheed1*, Iqra Almas2, Dr. Muhammad Imran Pasha3

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  • Abstract

    The current subjective work concerning job satisfaction and teacher’s satisfaction in the public sector universities was conducted in the district of Multan, Pakistan. The subjective work is an exploratory study to know the association among the approaches of job-crafting, relational crafting, and cognitive crafting likewise psychological empowerment of teacher’s satisfaction concerning to their work who are specifically engaged to the public sector universities. The subjective work reveals the utmost positive association between the job crafting and satisfaction of teachers' work. For this purpose, sampling comprised of 300 on-duty teachers from three public sector universities (NUML, BZU, and NFC) to explore the cognitive and psychological impact on job crafting and teachers’ satisfaction in the public universities. Multiple regression analyses were performed to examine the impact. Furthermore, subjective research work indicates the significant importance of job-crafting towards a higher level of satisfaction for teachers who are engaged in universities. Job happiness is directly linked to issues such as job creation, workplace conflict, and psychological empowerment.

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    Suleman Ghaffar1, Abdul waheed2, Khalid Iqbal3

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  • Abstract

    Tourism is one of the emerging and important industries of the world. Pakistan has got a wide potential for the development of tourism, especially in its northern areas. Kalash valley in district Chitral is one of the favorite tourist resorts, located in the extreme north of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Tourism in any area brings with it numerous changes including geographical, cultural, economic, and social changes. Such changes have both positive and negative impacts on the local community. This research aims at finding out the positive impacts of tourism on residents of Kalash valley. A survey was carried out with the locals. A structured questionnaire was designed and data was collected in the local language. The findings reveal that tourism brings with it interesting things in life. It has improved personal and community quality of life.

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    Imran Ahmad Sajid1 & Azharullah Khan2

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  • Abstract

    Domestic violence is one of the serious crimes against women which are associated with their disadvantageous position in society. Women are prone to suffer multiple forms of this maltreatment such as social, verbal, emotional, economic, or physical violence due to different factors. The present study, based on primary data which was collected from District Bhakakr of Pakistan, deals with the relationship between domestic violence and inheritance rights of women. Data were collected from 150 respondents using a convenient sampling technique with the help of an interview schedule and analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics using SPSS software. The data indicated that females are suffering domestic violence due to rights of inheritance in a sense that only 20.7 percent of respondents’ families are willing to give the inheritance share to their daughters and 56.7 percent of respondents are forced by their in-laws to get their part of the inheritance from their family. It has been found that 45.3 percent of females suffer domestic violence due to inheritance rights and 63.3 percent of respondents are suffering economic violence in addition to facing unfair and cruel comments by their in-laws. The present study confirms a strong relationship between female rights of inheritance and domestic violence.

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    Arslan Asghar1, Mussarat Hussain2* Muhammad Safdar3

  • Volume : 2 Issue : 1 Year: 2022

    Saudi-Iran Rivalry and its Impacts on Pakistan

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  • Abstract

    Saudi Arabia and Iran are two major powers in the Muslim World and hold considerable sway over all matters pertaining to their respective regions. They both have significant stakes in matters of political and strategic nature but evince a level of animosity and enmity amongst them. Pakistan holds tenuous relations with Iran but enjoys salubrious and favorable ones with Saudi Arabia. Either way, the enmity between the two nations is sure to impart inexorable ramifications upon Pakistan as well. This study is mainly an endeavor directed towards assessing the effects that such a rivalry might entail for Pakistan. This study also provides information on the key strata and aspects in which Pakistan will be affected by this rivalry.

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    Syed Kamran Haider , Maaz Mohsin

  • Volume : 2 Issue : 1 Year: 2022

    Religious Terrorism: Myth or Reality

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  • Abstract

    Religious terrorism is simply categorized as a type of violence in which religion is used as a basic tool or justification by individuals or groups for achieving their illegal, immoral and unlawful goals through the means of terrorist activities. Carrying out terrorism in the name of faith has long been a prominent aspect of human affairs. Religious terrorism can be explained as well as one’s understanding of the term terrorism. It is commonly said that no religion in the world incites its believers to carry out terrorist attacks but it is also an undeniable fact that religion is still being misused by clerics and other religious identities as a tactic for the sake of their agendas. The perspective of western media and the public is also confusing the things as sometimes it seems that every religious person is a suspect of terrorism which is continuously causing unrest amongst peaceful peoples. A clear understanding must be there in minds of people regarding the difference between Jihad and Terrorism. This paper explains some important aspects related to religious terrorism.

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    Syed Kamran Haider , Maaz Mohsin

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  • Abstract

    In the era of the present, Universities have acquired importance and magnitude that is unprecedented. They are said to be the agents of change which emphasize augmentation and modification of those facets of society pertinent to culture, socialization, and educational ministrations. Therefore, the credibility and attention afforded them are vindicated indeed. The University of Sargodha is one such agent of change that has influenced the region of Sargodha in ways that are momentous, to say the least. Through this study, an exertion has been made to comprehend the extent of influence and impact that the university has imparted upon the locality designated as Sargodha and its proximate areas. The subjects from whom the requisite data for this study was gathered hail from those dimensions that are readily and profoundly influenced by the University of Sargodha’s presence or aura if you will.

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    Maaz Mohsin1

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  • Abstract

    A bullying and personality development Scale was developed, that can be used for adolescents and youth. The scale takes into consideration the Asian context of bullying in general and the context of the Thal University, Bhakkar. We also sought to design a reliable measure of bullying for use with an adult sample. Bullying is one of the most common forms of youth violence. Bullying is defined as a type of aggression, specifically behavior by an individual or group that is intended to hurt someone and that involves a dynamic interaction between the perpetrator and the victim. The present study has been conducted to analyze the relationship between bullying and personality development. For conducting this research data has been comprised of a different chapter. This chapter of the study comprises three sections of the study which gave the methodological milieu of the study. The first section of research comprises the rationale of research methodology including population and sampling of research, Instrument used for data collection, Procedure, and criterion for data collection. Data has been collected by the Thal University, Bhakkar. The logic behind conducting research at a university is that a university is a place where bullying is the most common habit. Bullying in faculty and the administrative center is likewise referred to as peer abuse. The major variables that were added in this study were demographic profile variables and variables related to bullying. These psychological themes are explicit variables related to the level of stress, depression, and anxiety among the bullied person. Bullying can occur in any context in which humans interact with every other. This consists of school, universities, college, church, own family, place of job, home, and neighborhoods. It is even a common factoring migration.

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    Authors

    Muhammad Safdar , Ayesha Ibrahim , Saadia Bibi

  • Volume : 2 Issue : 1 Year: 2022

    Social Development Measures in the Era of Akbar

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  • Abstract

    The Mughal Empire was indeed a reign to behold. The rulers and kings of this monumental empire played an irrefutable role in the exhortation of the region’s prosperity and developmental capacities. From the Pioneer Babar to the last Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar, the Mughal Empire has been a most fecund ground for the rearing of worthy and Awe inducing Emperors. However, there is a certain Ruler from amongst these impressive monarchs whose name tends to stand out and distinguish itself with a vivid and almost palpable prominence. This Mughal Emperor is said to have been the patron of the Golden Age of the Mughal Empire and made countless contributions to almost all segments and strata of society, culture, arts, and so forth. That Emperor is none other than the Great Mughal Emperor, Akbar. This paper is an endeavor at elucidating the various advancements that the Great Mughal Emperor made in regards to Social Development within his realm.

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    Authors

    Saima Kausar , Muhammad Rameez Mohsin , Ashfaq Ahmed