Effect of Socioeconomic and Sociocultural Factors on the Maternal Health and Reproductive Behavior of Nomads in District Bhakkar
Author(s) : Taimoor Tabasum1, Muhammad Tauqeer Nawaz2, Mudasar Ali Nadeem3
Abstract:This study was conducted among nomadic society of district Bhakkar. The purpose of this study was to examine the social, economic and cultural traits of nomadic societies, with a particular emphasis on elucidating the social, economic and cultural influences and how they affect the maternal health and sexual practices or reproductive behavior of nomadic groups. Researchers conducted interviews with 110 nomads who were chosen as a sample by the convenience sampling method. As a theoretical foundation, “The economic theory of Fertility” and "life history theory" and "Malthus theory of population" are utilized. The findings indicated that socioeconomic and cultural factors such illiteracy, income, occupation, son preference; early marriages, forced marriages, tribal rituals, and a lack of medical services have a significant impact on nomadic reproductive behavior. It has been determined that socioeconomic and sociocultural variables are to blame or responsible for Pakistani nomads' poor reproductive habits of reproductive behavior. Findings also showed that maternity services were out of reach for pregnant nomadic women due to poor health facilities, sociocultural restrictions, and demographic obstacles, which increased the number of reproductive difficulties among them.
Keywords: Nomadic societies, Maternal Health, Social characteristics, economic characteristics, Cultural characteristics, Women, Reproductive behavior.