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  • Abstract

    This qualitative ethnographic study attempts to understand the biological and cultural causes of early aging, the problems generated due to nutrition, traditional and cultural values. This study involves 24 early aging respondents from three Union Councils of Multan city of south Punjab. The data were generated by conducting detailed face-to-face interviews with the participants. The study highlights the bio-cultural causes of early aging through thematic analysis. This study recommends that related institutions could play a significant role in educating the families to help reduce the issues of early aging people and care for them.

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    Authors

    Ushna Asghar1, Khalid Iqbal2, Iqra Almas3

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  • Abstract

    This study is about the issues and challenges faced by the parents of special children in their educational and social life. The goal of this study was to explore and describe the issues and challenges faced by parents of special children in learning and social life in Pakistan. The study has followed the quantitative research method. The researcher has conducted a research survey through a research tool. The research tool was a questionnaire. The data was collected from the sample of the population. The sample consisted of the parents of the special children. The study has found that parents of special children have to face a lot of problems and challenges and there is a need for some governmental steps to help them.

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    Authors

    Abdul Waheed1*, Iqra Almas2, Dr. Muhammad Imran Pasha3

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  • Abstract

    The current subjective work concerning job satisfaction and teacher’s satisfaction in the public sector universities was conducted in the district of Multan, Pakistan. The subjective work is an exploratory study to know the association among the approaches of job-crafting, relational crafting, and cognitive crafting likewise psychological empowerment of teacher’s satisfaction concerning to their work who are specifically engaged to the public sector universities. The subjective work reveals the utmost positive association between the job crafting and satisfaction of teachers' work. For this purpose, sampling comprised of 300 on-duty teachers from three public sector universities (NUML, BZU, and NFC) to explore the cognitive and psychological impact on job crafting and teachers’ satisfaction in the public universities. Multiple regression analyses were performed to examine the impact. Furthermore, subjective research work indicates the significant importance of job-crafting towards a higher level of satisfaction for teachers who are engaged in universities. Job happiness is directly linked to issues such as job creation, workplace conflict, and psychological empowerment.

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    Authors

    Suleman Ghaffar1, Abdul waheed2, Khalid Iqbal3

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  • Abstract

    Tourism is one of the emerging and important industries of the world. Pakistan has got a wide potential for the development of tourism, especially in its northern areas. Kalash valley in district Chitral is one of the favorite tourist resorts, located in the extreme north of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Tourism in any area brings with it numerous changes including geographical, cultural, economic, and social changes. Such changes have both positive and negative impacts on the local community. This research aims at finding out the positive impacts of tourism on residents of Kalash valley. A survey was carried out with the locals. A structured questionnaire was designed and data was collected in the local language. The findings reveal that tourism brings with it interesting things in life. It has improved personal and community quality of life.

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    Authors

    Imran Ahmad Sajid1 & Azharullah Khan2

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  • Abstract

    Domestic violence is one of the serious crimes against women which are associated with their disadvantageous position in society. Women are prone to suffer multiple forms of this maltreatment such as social, verbal, emotional, economic, or physical violence due to different factors. The present study, based on primary data which was collected from District Bhakakr of Pakistan, deals with the relationship between domestic violence and inheritance rights of women. Data were collected from 150 respondents using a convenient sampling technique with the help of an interview schedule and analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics using SPSS software. The data indicated that females are suffering domestic violence due to rights of inheritance in a sense that only 20.7 percent of respondents’ families are willing to give the inheritance share to their daughters and 56.7 percent of respondents are forced by their in-laws to get their part of the inheritance from their family. It has been found that 45.3 percent of females suffer domestic violence due to inheritance rights and 63.3 percent of respondents are suffering economic violence in addition to facing unfair and cruel comments by their in-laws. The present study confirms a strong relationship between female rights of inheritance and domestic violence.

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    Authors

    Arslan Asghar1, Mussarat Hussain2* Muhammad Safdar3