Are Pakhtuns Ethnically Violent? Comparative Study of Patterns of Tolerance and Aggression among the Chitralis and Pakhtuns

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Are Pakhtuns Ethnically Violent? Comparative Study of Patterns of Tolerance and Aggression among the Chitralis and Pakhtuns

Author(s) : Inzimam-ud-Din1 & Imran A. Sajid, Ph.D.2

Abstract:
This is a quantitative study that explores the relationship between aggression, tolerance, and ethnicity. The participating ethnic groups were university students from Chitral and Dir. The data was collected using Buss Parry Aggression Scale and Interpersonal Tolerance Scale. The data shows that there is no significant difference between Chitrali and Pakhtun students on the aggression scale. Further, there is a non-significant difference between Pakhtun and Chitrali students on tolerance scales. The study suggests more education and cross-cultural interaction that might reduce violent behaviors and promote tolerance and peace.